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One another way to describe XKB configuration.

There are one another way to describe XKB configuration. But in XFree it isn't used and isn't described. At the same time it allow

  • to set configuration for each display separately (if you have runned some Xservers with different displays)
  • to set initial values for XKB internal variables.

The additional configure file must be placed in {XRoot}/lib/X11/xkb directory and has name X<digit>-config.keyboard
where <digit> is display number (usualy - X0-config.keyboard)

This file format.

First of all note all statements in this file looks like C language assignment statement

XKB_option = expression ;

If statement is one per line then ';' sign at the end is unneeded. In any line (any place in line) comments can be inserted. Comments must begin from '#' or '//'.

"Expression" can be

  • numeric value (for example - timeout value or group number)
  • logical value - on or off;
  • string in quotas - "" (for example - file name)
  • name of modifier, 'control flag' and so on.
If you need several modifiers (or flags) in one expression they have to be separated by '+' sign.

Also this file can use some variants of assignment statement. If statement defines initial value for control flags set (for example) that already have some flags by default the possible actions are

  • to remove specified files from flags set
    flag_set -= flag1 + flag2 + ...
  • to add specified files to flags set
    flag_set += flag1 + flag2 + ...
  • completly replace existent flags set by specified in the statement
    flag_set = flag1 + flag2 + ...
In this file you can specify...

XKB configuration components.

rules = "..." model = "..." layout = "..." variant = "..." options = "..." keymap = "..." keycodes = "..." geometry = "..." types = "..." compat = "..." symbols = "..." (or symbolstouse = "...")

They describe the same options that in general Xserver configure file (XF86Config).

Remind that 'additional configuration file' can be composed for each display separately. So it makes sense to use here components (or rules/model/layout/etc.) that for this display are differ from 'general' (from XF86Config). Of course all such options here have bigger priority and overrides corresponding options from Xserver configuration file.

Initial value for modifiers set.

modifiers [ = | -= | += ] modifier1 + modifier2 + ...

Where 'modifier*' is name of one of 'real modifiers' - shift, lock, control (or ctrl), mod1, mod2, mod3, mod4, mod5.

As I told above in this statement 'variants of assignment' can be used - '-=' - remove modifier(s), '+=' - add modifier(s), '=' - replace modifier set by specified one in statement.
(It need to be mentioned that by default at server start this modifiers set is empty. So operation '+=' or '=' only makes sense. And their actions in this case have no differences.)

Initial value for "control flags" set.

controls [ = | -= | += ] flag1 + flag2 + ...

As in prevous statement operation can be remove/add/replace ('-='/'+='/'=').

"Flags" can be

repeat (or repeatkeys)
allow key autorepeat
(it is allowed by default so only their removing makes sense -
controls -= repeat);
mousekeys
switch on 'mouse emulation';
mousekeysaccel
switch on 'accelerated mode' for mouse cursor movement
overlay1
overlay2
switch on corresponding 'overlays'.
ignoregrouplock
to ignore 'current group' in GrabKey mode
audiblebell
switch on (off) keyboard bell.
(Remind that XKB can send bell-events to 'juke-box' (that will play sounds or music) instead of ordinar 'cheep'. If you system have such 'juke-box' you can switch of keyboard bell.
accessxkeys
slowkeys
bouncekeys
stickykeys
accessxtimeout
accessxfeedback
switch on several modes of AccessX (for Physically Impaired Persons).

Modifiers that must be ignored in GrabKey mode

ignorelockmods [ -= | += | = ] modifier1 + modifier2 + ... (or ignorelockmodifiers ...)

List of 'internal modifiers'

internalmods [ -= | += | = ] modifier1 + modifier2 + ... (or internalmodifiers ...)

This is modifiers set that must be used inside Xserver (for 'action' selection if exists) and must not be reported to client applications in keyboard events

Group 'adjust method'.

groups = [ wrap | clamp | number ] (or outofrangegroups ...)

It defines 'group adjustment method'. Remind that such method can be wrap, clamp or redirect. In the last case additional data required - group number 'what number redirect to' if original group number is out of bounds.
So redirect method can be specified in form

groups = group_number

Bell parameters.

bell = number (or bellvolume = number ) bellpitch = number bellduration = number click = number (or clickvolume = number )

All this statements define 'cheeper' parameters (bell) and 'keyboard click' (ordinary click is sound shorter than bell).

Statements bell and click also can looks like

bell = [ on | off ] click = [ on | off ]

that means (as easy to guess) that these signals must be switched on/off. If command is "to switch on signal" without any volume the volume assumed 100.

Some timeouts.

repeatdelay = number
delay (in milliseconds) between key press and autorepeat begin;
repeatinterval = number
interval (in milliseconds) between autorepeats;
slowkeysdelay = number
in slowkeys mode key considered as pressed when it is in pressed (physicaly) state some time interval to avoid 'accidental bump' of key. This parameter define such time interval.
debouncedelay = number
in bouncekeys mode XKB temporary desible key after key press or release to avoid 'key bounce' when it pressed inaccurately. This parameter define time interval when key be disabled.
accessxtimeout = number (or axtimeout = number)
delay (in seconds) after what AccessX mode will be swithed off automaticaly. This parameter have sense if corresponding 'control flag' is up -
(controls += ... accessxtimeout ...);

Parameters of 'mouse cursor acceleration'.

mousekeysdelay = number
delay (in milliseconds) between 'mouse key' press and its autorepeat begin (the same as repeatdelay for other keys);
mousekeysinterval = number
autorepeat interval (the same as repeatinterval for other keys);
mousekeysmaxspeed = number
maximum speed of cursor movement in pixels per event (precisely - if XKB 'action' of mouse movement key MovePtr have argument 'move per event' more than one than maximum speed will be product <move per event>x<mousekeysmaxspeed>);
mousekeystimetomax = number
how many repeats have to occur before speed reach max value;
mousekeyscurve = number (in bounds -1000:1000)
acceleration 'curve Factor' ( in accelerated mode cursor speed grows from initial value to maximun not linear but as X^(1 + curve/1000).
If mousekeyscurve = 0 than growth is linear)

Switch on/off AccessX 'sound indication' modes

accessxtimeoutctrlson [ -= | += | = ] option1 + option2 + ... (or axtctrlson ...) accessxtimeoutctrlsoff [ -= | += | = ] option1 + option2 + ... (or axtctrlsoff ...)

here 'options' can be - slowkeyspress, slowkeysaccept, feature, slowwarn, indicator, stickykeys, slowkeysrelease, slowkeysreject, bouncekeysreject, dumbbell.

For more details about these modes see documentation (XKBlib) from XFree86 distributive.